Colors: The Dyes That Make Them
- Scarlet = brightest flame: Cochineal with Tin.
- Crimson = “American Beauty” Rose Red: Cochineal with Alum.
- Magenta = bright rich red with a slightly violet tone: Cochineal with Alum, ammonia and possibly a pinch of Iron or Copper after.
- Christmas Red = Brazilwood with Alum.
- Magenta = Brazilwood with Alum and a pinch of Iron after.
- Oriental Carpet Red = Madder with Alum.
- Ecclesiastical Red = Madder with Alum and Cochineal over.
Violets and Purples
- Logwood on Tin or Alum; or Tin and Alum.
- Indigo first, topped with Cochineal and Alum or Tin.
- Cochineal with Copper, or with Alum or Tin and Iron after.
- Madder with Alum and Iron after.
- Brazilwood with Alum and Iron after.
- Madder with Tin
- Fusticwood with Tin
- Fusticwood with Alum and Cochineal or Madder
- Weld with Tin or Alum and Cochineal or Madder
- Weld with Tin or Alum.
- Fusticwood with Alum.
- Catechu with Alum, and/or Copper, and/or Tin, and/or Iron.
- Tannin for Beige.
- Logwood with Iron for a blue-toned gray.
- Indigo with overdye of any yellow = bright greens.
- Any yellow with overdye of Logwood and Iron = soft greens.
Black and grey
- Logwood with Tannin and Iron.
- Tannin and Iron.
- Logwood and Iron = blue toned gray.